de Sangre / Oregon Grape / Creeping Barberry / Mahonia repens
The leaves are boiled and the tea drunk for anemia and rheumatism.
Boiling the roots and drinking the liquid has been used as a
blood purifier, diuretic and liver tonic.
/ Kinnick Kinnick / Bearberry / Uva-Ursi / Arctostaphylos
The leaves are boiled and drunk cold for bladdder infections,
applied topically for swollen knees and ankles, and dried and
smoked like tobacco.
de Llano / Horsetail / Scouring Rush / Equisetum hyemale
The plant has been used as a diuretic and for painful urination,
as well as a natural scouring brush (due to its silica content).
de Castilla / Wild Rose / Rosa spp.
The leaves and flowers are used as an eyewash or made into a strong
tea for treating sore throats. A tea made from the petals is used
both internally and externally to reduce fevers, especially in
children. The hips are often made into jam.
Punchon / Mullein / Verbascum thapsus
leaves have been smoked to allay the breathing difficulties of
asthma, as well as made into a tea to treat bronchitis. The flowers
can be infused in oil and used to treat earaches.
Alamo Sauco / Narrow-leafed Cottonwood / Populus angustifolia
and Alamo / Aspen / Populus tremuloides
aspens and cottonwoods (there are several species) yield many
medicinal applications. A tea made from the leaves and /or flowers
was used as a spring tonic and blood purifier, the bark was boiled
and drunk to reduce fever (aspens and cootonwoods are poplars,
which are in the willow family, and yield salicin type chemicals,
the precursor to aspirin), and the buds were used to make an expectorant.
Chamiso Blanco / Rabbitbrush / Chamisa / Chrysothamnus nausesus
The flowers yield a rich yellow dye, and were used as a tea to
break fevers through sweating. A strong tea was used in the bath
to reduce the pain and swelling of arthritis.
Pino / Ponderosa Pine / Pinus ponderosa
The needles and inner bark were used as an expectorant.
de la Hoja Ancha / Gambel's Oak / Scrub Oak / Querus gambelii
The branches were boiled and the liquid used to treat gum inflammation,
scratches and abrasions. The bark was used much like quinine to
treat recurring fevers.
Sabina / Rocky Mountain Juniper / Juniperus scopulorum
Junipers in general have been used to protect against negative
influences of all kinds. The needles were made into a tea to reduce
fevers and deal with urinary tract infections. The berries were
added to flavor alcohol, used as a digestive bitters, and added
to the trail food pemmican.
Pine / Pinyon Pine / Pinus edulis
The pine nuts are eaten (usually roasted), the wood is burned
for fuel, the needles have been steeped and drunk to treat syphilis,
and the sap has been used to draw splinters, as a varnish ingredient
and waterproofer, and as a dye.