- Healthy soil-one with good structure, high percentage of organic
matter, and adequate nutrients-can be replenished each season with
only one-fourth to one-half inch of a good quality compost.
- Rotating crops-especially preceding heavy feeders with legumes-and
the use of cover crops turned into the soil every four years will
keep soil diseases from gaining a foothold and keep vegetable production
- Until any of us reach that magic moment of excellent soil health,
getting a comprehensive soil test will help determine which organic
soil amendments to incorporate into your soil to address deficiencies
- If slow-release rock powders are used and/or the plants are experiencing
stress-transplant shock, insects, disease, wind, or low humidity-then
foliar feeding is a quick and effective interim measure.
- Foliar sprays provide nutrition, increased resistance to stress,
and deter insect pests.
- The following is my recipe for a high-quality nutritive and protective
- vitamin C, which improves pest and disease resistance
(1 tsp. per gal. water)
- yucca extract, superlative spreader/sticker
and stress aid (½ tsp. per gal. water)
- humic acid, stimulates growth and uptake of
nutrients (1 T per gal. of water) (include only if plants need nitrogen)
- enzymatically digested hydrolyzed fish (a better
product then fish emulsion), which adds the macronutrients of nitrogen,
phosphorus and potassium (1-2 T per gal. of water) (include only
if plants need nitrogen)
- cold-processed liquid kelp, which is full of
hormones, enzymes, proteins, vitamins and trace minerals (1-2 T
per gal. of water)
- Use this spray every two weeks during the growing season. Where
temperatures will reach 85F, it is best to spray either very early
in the morning or at sunset. Do not use nitrogen on leafy greens during
the late fall and winter.